Solidity by Example
version 0.8.3

dark mode


call is a low level function to interact with other contracts.

This is the recommended method to use when you're just sending Ether via calling the fallback function.

However it is not the recommend way to call existing functions.

// SPDX-License-Identifier: MIT
pragma solidity ^0.8.3;

contract Receiver {
    event Received(address caller, uint amount, string message);

    fallback() external payable {
        emit Received(msg.sender, msg.value, "Fallback was called");

    function foo(string memory _message, uint _x) public payable returns (uint) {
        emit Received(msg.sender, msg.value, _message);

        return _x + 1;

contract Caller {
    event Response(bool success, bytes data);

    // Let's imagine that contract B does not have the source code for
    // contract A, but we do know the address of A and the function to call.
    function testCallFoo(address payable _addr) public payable {
        // You can send ether and specify a custom gas amount
        (bool success, bytes memory data) = _addr.call{value: msg.value, gas: 5000}(
            abi.encodeWithSignature("foo(string,uint256)", "call foo", 123)

        emit Response(success, data);

    // Calling a function that does not exist triggers the fallback function.
    function testCallDoesNotExist(address _addr) public {
        (bool success, bytes memory data) = _addr.call(

        emit Response(success, data);

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