Function Modifier

Modifiers are code that can be run before and / or after a function call.

Modifiers can be used to:

  • Restrict access
  • Validate inputs
  • Guard against reentrancy hack
pragma solidity ^0.5.11;

contract FunctionModifier {
    // We will use these variables to demonstrate how to use
    // modifiers.
    address public owner;
    uint public x = 10;
    bool public locked;

    constructor() public {
        // Set the transaction sender as the owner of the contract.
        owner = msg.sender;
    }

    // Modifier to check that the caller is the owner of
    // the contract.
    modifier onlyOwner() {
        require(msg.sender == owner, "Not owner");
        // Underscore is a special character only used inside
        // a function modifier and it tells Solidity to
        // execute the rest of the code.
        _;
    }

    // Modifiers can take inputs. This modifier checks that the
    // address passed in is not the zero address.
    modifier validAddress(address _addr) {
        require(_addr != address(0), "Not valid address");
        _;
    }

    function changeOwner(address _newOwner)
        public
        onlyOwner
        validAddress(_newOwner)
    {
        owner = _newOwner;
    }

    // Modifiers can be called before and / or after a function.
    // This modifier prevents a function from being called while
    // it is still executing.
    modifier noReentrancy() {
        require(!locked, "No reentrancy");

        locked = true;
        _;
        locked = false;
    }

    function decrement(uint i) public noReentrancy {
        x -= i;

        if (i > 1) {
            decrement(i - 1);
        }
    }
}

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