Solidity by Example
version 0.8.3

dark mode

Reading and Writing to a State Variable

To write or update a state variable you need to send a transaction.

On the other hand, you can read state variables, for free, without any transaction fee.

// SPDX-License-Identifier: MIT
pragma solidity ^0.8.3;

contract SimpleStorage {
    // State variable to store a number
    uint public num;

    // You need to send a transaction to write to a state variable.
    function set(uint _num) public {
        num = _num;

    // You can read from a state variable without sending a transaction.
    function get() public view returns (uint) {
        return num;

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